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The heart of reading is understanding and enjoying what you read. There are learners who can read and spell fluently but who have difficulty understanding what they have read or what is read to them. These learners are unable to spontaneously produce "mental images" to represent the words. Therefore, they must attempt to store the words in memory. However, as the complexity of vocabulary and length of a written passage increases, the storage and organized retrieval of the information becomes an increasingly difficult task. Again, the result is frustration and avoidance of reading. Feelings of low self-esteem quickly develop because the learner believes that he is "dumb" and/or that reading is "boring". The same difficulty with visualizing information often interferes with the understanding of math concepts and with the organization of thinking for the purposes of writing. Again, leading education research shows that visualizing is fundamental to comprehension. Students at The Reading Foundation are taught how to do this even for complex and abstract information.